Nobody can question the paramount importance of the temple within the old covenant. What is not so commonly appreciated, however, is the fact that the temple has a vital role to play today â€“ in the new covenant. 1 But, whereas in the old covenant the temple was a physical building, in the new covenant the physical has entirely disappeared, leaving no role whatsoever for any special buildings; rather, the temple now serves as a motif. But this in no way signals a diminishing role for it. Quite the reverse! With the change of covenants, the truth is, the templeâ€™s role has been enhanced. Nevertheless, at first glance, the fact that the temple still makes any contribution â€“ let alone an important contribution â€“ to our understanding of the new covenant is somewhat surprising.