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Hillside Baptist Church
Blake Hart  |  Anchorage, Alaska
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Hillside Baptist Church
5200 O’Malley Rd
Anchorage, AK 99507
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The Thanksgiving Day Proclamation of 1863
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 2019
Posted by: Hillside Baptist Church | more..
120+ views | 10+ clicks

On October 3rd 1863, President Abraham Lincoln issued a Thanksgiving Day Proclamation which would set the last Thursday of every November as an official holiday of Thanksgiving. During his administration, President Lincoln issued many orders similar to this. For example, on November 28, 1861, he ordered government departments closed for a local day of thanksgiving.

The proclamation came about because Sarah Josepha Hale, a 74-year-old magazine editor, wrote a letter to Lincoln on September 28, 1863, urging him to have the "day of our annual Thanksgiving made a National and fixed Union Festival." She explained, "You may have observed that, for some years past, there has been an increasing interest felt in our land to have the Thanksgiving held on the same day, in all the States; it now needs National recognition and authoritive fixation, only, to become permanently, an American custom and institution."[1]

Prior to this, each state scheduled its own Thanksgiving holiday at different times, mainly in New England and other Northern states. President Lincoln responded to Mrs. Hale's request immediately, unlike several of his predecessors, who ignored her petitions altogether. In her letter to Lincoln she mentioned that she had been advocating a national thanksgiving date for 15 years as the editor of Godey's Lady's Book. George Washington was the first president to proclaim a day of thanksgiving, issuing his request on October 3, 1789, exactly 74 years before Lincoln made it a regular national holiday.

According to an April 1, 1864, letter from John Nicolay, one of President Lincoln's secretaries, this document was actually written by the Secretary of State William Seward, and the original was in his handwriting. On October 3, 1863, fellow Cabinet member Gideon Welles recorded in his diary how he complimented Seward on his work. A year later the manuscript was sold to benefit Union troops. Here is that proclamation:

Washington, D.C.
October 3, 1863

By the President of the United States of America.

A Proclamation.

The year that is drawing towards its close, has been filled with the blessings of fruitful fields and healthful skies. To these bounties, which are so constantly enjoyed that we are prone to forget the source from which they come, others have been added, which are of so extraordinary a nature, that they cannot fail to penetrate and soften even the heart which is habitually insensible to the ever watchful providence of Almighty God. In the midst of a civil war of unequalled magnitude and severity, which has sometimes seemed to foreign States to invite and to provoke their aggression, peace has been preserved with all nations, order has been maintained, the laws have been respected and obeyed, and harmony has prevailed everywhere except in the theatre of military conflict; while that theatre has been greatly contracted by the advancing armies and navies of the Union. Needful diversions of wealth and of strength from the fields of peaceful industry to the national defence, have not arrested the plough, the shuttle or the ship; the axe has enlarged the borders of our settlements, and the mines, as well of iron and coal as of the precious metals, have yielded even more abundantly than heretofore. Population has steadily increased, notwithstanding the waste that has been made in the camp, the siege and the battle-field; and the country, rejoicing in the consciousness of augmented strength and vigor, is permitted to expect continuance of years with large increase of freedom. No human counsel hath devised nor hath any mortal hand worked out these great things. They are the gracious gifts of the Most High God, who, while dealing with us in anger for our sins, hath nevertheless remembered mercy. It has seemed to me fit and proper that they should be solemnly, reverently and gratefully acknowledged as with one heart and one voice by the whole American People. I do therefore invite my fellow citizens in every part of the United States, and also those who are at sea and those who are sojourning in foreign lands, to set apart and observe the last Thursday of November next, as a day of Thanksgiving and Praise to our beneficent Father who dwelleth in the Heavens. And I recommend to them that while offering up the ascriptions justly due to Him for such singular deliverances and blessings, they do also, with humble penitence for our national perverseness and disobedience, commend to His tender care all those who have become widows, orphans, mourners or sufferers in the lamentable civil strife in which we are unavoidably engaged, and fervently implore the interposition of the Almighty Hand to heal the wounds of the nation and to restore it as soon as may be consistent with the Divine purposes to the full enjoyment of peace, harmony, tranquillity and Union.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the Seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the City of Washington, this Third day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and of the Independence of the United States the Eighty-eighth.

By the President: Abraham Lincoln

William H. Seward,
Secretary of State

There is one thing that is totally clear in this proclamation, Thanksgiving presupposes a benevolent God who is deserving of all thanks. These leaders, encouraged by a very wise older woman, new that the greatest way to lift a nation or a person out of the pit of despair (which the country was indeed in) was to turn their attention to the God who is the giver of every good gift. The God, who though we sin against time and time again, provides new mercies every morning. In a time of deep despair, sorrow, and agony the Nation needed something that was bigger than the horrific situation they found themselves in, they needed God, and for one day the entire nation would turn to Him in Thanksgiving. Thus, this proclamation given over 156 years ago is still more relevant than ever. In the midst of our division and despair, our only hope is to look to the God above, repent of our wickedness, and seek to bless others with the blessings we have received.

Source:

Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, edited by Roy P. Basler et al.

Category:  Church History

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The Protestant Reformation was a widespread theological revolt in Europe against the abuses and totalitarian control of the Roman Catholic Church. Reformers such as Martin Luther in Germany, Ulrich Zwingli in Switzerland, and John Calvin in France...
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The Deity of Christ was Not Invented at Nicaea
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The Black Robed Regiment: The Role of American Clergy in the American Revolution Pt. 2
THURSDAY, JULY 04, 2019
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However, Christian ministers did not just teach the principles that led to independence, they also participated on the battlefield to secure that independence. One of the numerous examples is the Rev. Jonas Clark. When Paul Revere set off on his...
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The Black Robed Regiment: The Role of American Clergy in the American Revolution pt.1
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“It was Sunday morning early in the year 1776. In the church where Pastor Muhlenberg preached, it was a regular service for his congregation, but a quite different affair for Muhlenberg himself. Muhlenberg’s text for the day was...
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How Suffering Serves to Advance the Gospel
THURSDAY, JUNE 27, 2019
Posted by: Hillside Baptist Church | more..
300+ views | 30+ clicks
Philippians 1:12-14 – I want you to know, brothers, that what has happened to me has really served to advance the gospel, so that it has become known throughout the whole imperial guard and to all the rest that my imprisonment is for Christ....
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Expositors, Start Writing More Devotionals
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 12, 2019
Posted by: Hillside Baptist Church | more..
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The Lordship of Jesus Christ and Why it Matters
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The Biblical Teaching The Synoptic Gospels contain diverse uses and meanings of the term Lord when applied to Jesus. Many instances of the use of the term do not designate deity. On some occasions, those who called Jesus “lord” were...
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Posted by: Hillside Baptist Church | more..
360+ views | 30+ clicks
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Posted by: Hillside Baptist Church | more..
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And the men marveled, saying, “What sort of man is this, that even winds and sea obey him?” -Matthew 8:27 There is so much debate today regarding who Jesus was. Was he a teacher, prophet, good man, or God? Many religions have made...
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